Also known as Green Plover or Peewit, the latter due to its call. Breeding population in Cumbria 11,500 pairs, found county wide apart from the high fell areas.
Habitat – ground nesting, breeding mainly on farmland, pastures, wet grasslands bogs and marshes.
Appearance – 28-31cm. A medium large wader, form large flocks in autumn and winter.
Voice – a wheezy drawn out” pee-wit”, extended to “pee wit wit witeeze” when displaying.
Food – invertebrates including earthworms, leather jackets, beetles, caterpillars and ants, also spiders, small frogs and snails, some plant material.
Population changes / conservation – Population declined after the Second World War due to farming practices, stubble cover being removed and crops sown in autumn, thus no bare ground for nesting. Numbers declined by 40% after 1970, now not seen in the valleys and moors of central Lakeland, it is hoped that changing farming practices may aid recovery.