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© Hans Hillewaert

Lapwing (Vanellus vanellus)

Also known as Green Plover or Peewit, the latter due to its call. Breeding population in Cumbria 11,500 pairs, found county wide apart from the high fell areas.




Habitat – ground nesting, breeding mainly on farmland, pastures, wet grasslands bogs and marshes.

Appearance – 28-31cm. A medium large wader, form large flocks in autumn and winter.

Voice – a wheezy drawn out” pee-wit”, extended to “pee wit wit witeeze” when displaying.

Food – invertebrates including earthworms, leather jackets, beetles, caterpillars and ants, also spiders, small frogs and snails, some plant material.

Population changes / conservation – Population declined after the Second World War due to farming practices, stubble cover being removed and crops sown in autumn, thus no bare ground  for nesting. Numbers declined by 40% after 1970, now not seen in the valleys and moors of central Lakeland, it is hoped that changing farming practices may aid recovery.