Found breeding in hedgerows and verges on the edge of grassland. Breeding pairs in Cumbria are estimated to be 2,500.
Habitat – farmland grass & arable, rough grassland, moorland edges and heath, sand dunes and shingle banks
Appearance – 29-31cm. Plump with small head and short legs, face orange other wise browny grey streaks creating good camouflage.
Voice – high pitched creaky “kerrick” may become a rapid cackle “ it-it-it” if disturbed.
Food – leaves and seeds particularly knotgrass and chickweed, also insects, caterpillars and larvae.
Population changes / conservation – population declined massively since the second world war with loss of field margins and protective hedgerows, change to autumn sowing of crops, pesticides, herbicides and increased numbers of predators.